Michel Marie François Butor (b. 1926 in Mons-en-Barœul) studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, graduating in 1947. Butor has been a lecturer at the University of manchester, and a teacher in Thessaloníki, Greece (1954–55), Geneva, Switz. (1956–57 and 1975–91), and numerous other cities in the United States and France.
Butor’s novels include: Passage de Milan (1954), L’emploi du temps (1956) (translated into English as Passing Time), La modification (1957) (translated into English as Second Thoughts), and Degrés (1960).