2012 Puterbaugh Fellow Marina Carr

Marina Carr. Photo by Shevaun Williams

Marina Carr (b. 1964), one of the most talented of the new generation of Irish playwrights, is noted for her “blend of rural Irish domestic tragedy and classical re-writing, a mixture which marks her out as a writer concerned with

2011 Puterbaugh Fellow Dacia Maraini

Dacia Maraini. Photo by Yousef Khanfar.

Dacia Maraini (b. 1936, Fiesole) is a well-known Italian writer whose work focuses on women’s issues. The author of numerous plays, poetry collections, and novels, she is the recipient of many awards, most recently the Premio Strega for Buio (1999),

2010 Puterbaugh Fellow Sherman Alexie

Sherman Alexie (b. 1966, Washington) was named one of the New Yorker’s twenty top writers for the twenty-first century. The author, poet, and screenwriter’s pieces are driven by a haunting lyricism and naked candor that go to the heart of the human experience. The New

2008 Puterbaugh Fellow Bei Dao

Bei Dao. Photo by Simon Hurst

Bei Dao is the most distinguished poet of his generation and considered by many to be one of the major writers of modern China. Born Zhao Zhenkai on August 2, 1949, in Beijing, his pseudonym, Bei Dao, literally means “Northern

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2006 Puterbaugh Fellow Orhan Pamuk

Orhan Pamuk. Photo by Simon Hurst.

  Orhan Pamuk‘s novel Snow is “not only an engrossing feat of tale-spinning but essential reading for our times,” according to Margaret Atwood. Pamuk (b. 1952 Istanbul) is a Turkish novelist, screenwriter, and academic. Pamuk won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2006, and won

2004 Puterbaugh Fellow Nélida Piñon

Nelida Pinon. Photo by David Draper Clark.

Nélida Piñon was born in Rio de Janeiro into a Galician family, attended German high school, and later studied at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica in Rio. She has taught at the Federal University in Rio, Harvard, Georgetown, Columbia, Johns Hopkins,

2003 Puterbaugh Fellow J. M. Coetzee

J. M. Coetzee. Photo by David Draper Clark.

J.M. Coetzee‘s novel Disgrace is regarded by The New Yorker as “not a hard or obscure book — it is, among other things, compulsively readable — but what it may well be is an authentically spiritual document, a lament for the soul of a

2002 Puterbaugh Fellow Roberto Fernández Retamar

Roberto Fernandez Retamar (b. 1930, Havana) is esteemed for his excellence as a poet, essayist, editor, and scholar. He undertook early studies in art and architecture before turning to literature in Havana, Paris, and London. After a time teaching at Yale

2001 Puterbaugh Fellow Kenzaburo Oe

Kenzaburo Oe

Kenzaburo Ōe (b. 1935  Ōse) is a Japanese author and a major figure in contemporary Japanese literature. When he was 18, Ōe made his first trip to Tokyo, and in the following year began studying French Literature at Tokyo University. He began publishing

1999 Puterbaugh Fellow Czesław Miłosz

Czeslaw Milosz. Photo by Gil Jain.

  Czesław Miłosz (b. Szetejnie 1911) was regarded by The Nobel Foundation as someone “who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man’s exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts.” He received the Nobel Prize in 1980. Miłosz was active in the work of Organizacja Socjalistyczno-Niepodległościowa

1997 Puterbaugh Fellow J.M.G. Le Clézio

J.M.G. Le Clezio

J.M.G. Le Clézio (b. 1940) is an “author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization is a French-Mauritian author of over forty works,” according to the Swedish Academy. Clézio is

1995 Puterbaugh Fellow Luisa Valenzuela

Luisa Valenzuela

Luisa Valenzuela (b. Buenos Aires 1928) has gained international renown for her award-winning novels and short stories. She is known for a unique, experimental writing style that questions hierarchal social structures, and for her critique of the 1970s dictatorship in Argentina. Valenzuela’s father was a

1993 Puterbaugh Fellow Maryse Condé

Conde Maryse

Maryse Condé (b. 1937 Guadeloupe) is a prolific novelist, playwright, and critic. Her books explore the clash of cultures and races, particularly in African and Caribbean settings. Condé was educated in Paris, and having lived in Ghana, Senegal, and the Ivory Coast as

1991 Puterbaugh Fellow Manuel Puig

Puig Manuel

Manuel Puig (b. 1932 General Villegas) was an Argentine author. His novel El beso de la mujer araña (1976) (Kiss of the Spider Woman) was made into a film, and in 1993 it was made into a Broadway musical. Puig has written novels,

1989 Puterbaugh Fellow Edouard Glissant

Edouard Glissant (b. 1928 Sainte-Marie) devoted all his life and creative activity to the quest for the Antillean identity (see WLT, Vol. 63.4). During his life, his attachment to the land led him to describe its landscape in his writings and his poetry, which

1987 Puterbaugh Fellow Guillermo Cabrera Infante

Infante Guillermo Cabrera

Guillermo Cabrera Infante (b. 1929 Cuba) was a Cuban novelist, essayist, translator, screenwriter, and critic. His novel Tres Tristes Tigres (published in English as Three Trapped Tigers) has been compared to James Joyce’s Ulysses. Infante began studying journalism in 1950 at the University

1983 Puterbaugh Fellow Carlos Fuentes

Carlos Fuentes, Miami Bookfair International, 1987

Carlos Fuentes (b. 1928) was “one of the most admired writers in the Spanish-speaking world,” according to the New York Times. Fuentes was one of Mexico’s most discussed and prolific writers. He visited World Literature Today and the University of Oklahoma as the honored 1983 Puterbaugh

1981 Puterbaugh Fellow Michel Butor

Michael Butor

Michel Marie François Butor (b. 1926 in Mons-en-Barœul) studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, graduating in 1947. Butor has been a lecturer at the University of manchester, and a teacher in Thessaloníki, Greece (1954–55), Geneva, Switz. (1956–57 and 1975–91), and numerous other cities in the United States and France.

1979 Puterbaugh Fellow Yves Bonnefoy

Yves Bonnefoy

Yves Bonnefoy (born 24 June 1923) is a French poet and essayist. Bonnefoy was born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, the son of a railroad worker and a teacher. His works have been of great importance in post-war French literature, at the same

1977 Puterbaugh Fellow Mario Vargas Llosa

Mario Vargas Llosa

Since the early 1960s, Peru’s Mario Vargas Llosa (b. 1936) has been regarded as one of Latin America’s leading writers, a novelist whose books can be read as a modern-day saga of Peruvian and Latin American society. Among his more

1975 Puterbaugh Fellow Julio Cortázar

Julio Cortazar

Julio Cortázar was born in Brussels in 1914. At the age of four, he came to live in Argentina, where he group up in a suburban town near Buenos Aires. In 1938 he published his first volume of poetry: Presencia (Presence)

1973 Puterbaugh Fellow Dámaso Alonso

Dámaso Alonso was a Spanish poet, philologist, and poetry critic. His work can be divided into three general categories: historical linguistics in the tradition of Menendez Pidal; literary criticism and stylistic analysis; and creative writing, especially poetry. The common denominator is philology

1971 Puterbaugh Fellow Octavio Paz

Octavio Paz

  Born in 1914, Octavio Paz started to write poetry while still very young. His book of essays, El laberinto de la soledad (The Labyrinth of Solitude) was an instant success that won him international acclaim in 1945. The book, which went through

1969 Puterbaugh Fellow Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges. Photo by Grete Stern.

Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) was an Argentine writer, essayist, poet, translator, and one of the most widely known contemporary Hispanic writers of his time (WLT, Vol. 45.3). Nearly ten years after the centennial of his birth, the competing chorus of scholarship on Jorge Luis Borges seems to

1968 Puterbaugh Fellow Jorge Guillén

Jorge Guillén, Spanish poet and scholar, was the first to whom the Puterbaugh Festival (then the Puterbaugh Conferences on Writers of the French-Speaking and Hispanic World) was dedicated (WLT, Vol. 80.5). He was honored in this series, sponsored by Books Abroad/World